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A good elucidating explanation contrasts examples of adjectives

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Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed. Login here for access. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Login or Sign up. There are a lot of ways to construct a sentence, but in many cases, the best way to convey meaning in a succinct and clear manner is to use verbs correctly.

A verb is a word that shows action. It is often thought of as the heart of a sentence. The verb can be further broken down into active or passive. This is often referred to as active or passive voice. An active verb is when the verb is clearly the subject, or 'the doer,' of the sentence. In order to write sentences with active verbs, make sure that the thing doing the action is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action is the object.

Let's take a look at two different ways to construct a sentence:. Note that in the first sentence, 'Mark' is the subject of the sentence and 'history exam' is the object receiving the action. Let's take a look at the second sentence. Which sentence uses an active verb and which sentence uses a passive verb?

In the first sentence, 'Mark' is the subject of the sentence and he is doing the action of the sentence. Therefore, the verb 'passed' is an active verb. In the second sentence, 'history exam' is the subject of the sentence and the thing receiving the action. What A good elucidating explanation contrasts examples of adjectives to A good elucidating explanation contrasts examples of adjectives Even though he is still doing the action of the sentence, he is no longer the subject; now he's just the object at the end of the sentence.

Therefore, since the subject of this sentence isn't the thing doing the action, the verb 'was passed' is a passive verb.

Definition of Contrast

The first sentence flows better and is easier to understand, while the second sentence seems, well, sort of backwards and convoluted. Read the two sentences out loud. The first sentence clearly conveys a concise and direct meaning.

A passive verb can lead to awkward and confusing sentences. It's easy to make sure that you're writing with active verbs. When proofreading, take a look at the relationship between the subject and the main verb. Ask yourself, 'does the subject perform the action of the verb? Or, does something else perform the action?

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If so, then your sentence is in passive voice. The subject is 'Rosie. Therefore, this sentence is active. What about this example? The subject is the 'dog. Therefore, this sentence is passive. You will notice that the word 'by' often follows a passive verb. This is not always true, but you can use the word 'by' as a warning that a passive verb may be in the mix. Another indicator of passive voice may be if you see a form of the word 'to be', such as 'am', 'are', A good elucidating explanation contrasts examples of adjectives, 'was', 'were', 'been', and 'being'.

For example, this sentence is in the passive voice:. While editing your work, you've spotted a sentence written in passive voice. It's an easy fix. In order to change a verb from passive to active voice, simply change the subject of the passive verb into the object of the active verb.

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